Kelebek

Style

Premium American Lager

Story

Kelebek is a Turkish word meaning butterfly. This beer is inspired by the gardens of Istanbul where the butterflies are as colorful as the street markets. A descendent of the European pilsner, this beer is brewed in a more traditional European style, embracing the floral and fruity characteristics provided in its hops selection.

It is in Turkey, the city of Ephesus, where the story of Gladiator Brewing Co. begins....

The secret lives of Turkey's gladiators

Excerpt provided from Property Turkey at https://www.propertyturkey.com/blog-turkey/the-secret-lives-of-turkeys-gladiators

In the ancient world gladiators were among the most famous athletes on the planet, revered and celebrated by all strata of society much like today’s footballers (soccer players).

One of the most significant source of knowledge we have about how gladiators lived, fought and died is the gladiator burial site in Ephesus, where the bones of 60 gladiators was found last decade.

Ephesus

Ephesus is the most beautifully preserved ancient cities in Turkey and probably the country’s foremost historic attraction. The once mighty Roman city was built in the 10th century BC by the Greeks, and flourished from 129 BC until around 300 AD under Roman rule, when it’s thought up to 56,000 people lived in the city.

Famed for its Temple of Artemis, which was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the city was a powerful seat of Roman influence for centuries.

The arena at Ephesus was originally built by the Greeks, and used for ceremonies and sports games. When the Romans came along, they introduced gladiator and animal fights. If there were Christians around to be thrown in, all the better. But the most famous and enduring of all the arena-based activities were the gladiator fights. It’s these that captivated ancient audiences and fascinated modern historians.

Amazing discovery

The discovery last decade of the world’s largest gladiator graveyard in the ancient city changed what we know about the fighters. Gladiators typically didn’t have proper burials, which is the first reason the discovery of the Ephesus graves was so striking. It’s thought that the owner of a local gladiator school might have bought the burial plot for his students, commissioning the reliefs found on the tombs that depicted the fighters.

The Ephesus graves yielded thousands of bones, marked by three gravestones depicting gladiators. Researchers have carefully examined each and every bone, working to discover who the fighters were, and how they lived and died.

Surprising finds

The researchers found around 67 individuals, mostly aged between 20 and 30. The most striking piece of information was that a number of the gladiators bore healed wounds during their lifetimes - including one case of a surgical amputation. This tells us that gladiators - the best of them, at least - received medical care and were probably not just flung into a ring with lions and left to meet their fate, as is depicted in films and books.

Life in the arena

The bones revealed that the gladiators didn’t tend to suffer serious multiple wounds, suggesting that they weren’t involved in large fights. Instead, they clashed in organised duels, possibly even with rules and referees who monitored the skirmishes, much like a modern-day boxing referee.

We now know that gladiators generally fought one-on-one, with armor and weaponry designed to give conflicting advantages. For example - a lightly armored, helmetless gladiator with a net and trident would be matched with a slow, armored-up fighter with a huge helmet and a long shield.

Aroma

Low to medium-low malt aroma, which can be grainy, sweet or corn-like. Hop aroma may range from very low to a medium-low, spicy or floral hop presence. Low levels of yeast character (green apples, DMS, or fruitiness) are optional but acceptable. No diacetyl.

Appearance

Pale straw to gold color. White, frothy head may not be long lasting. Very clear.

Flavor

Crisp and dry flavor with some low levels of sweetness. Hop flavor ranges from none to low levels. Hop bitterness at low to medium level. Balance may vary from slightly malty to slightly bitter, but is relatively close to even. High levels of carbonation may provide a slight acidity or dry "sting." No diacetyl. No fruitiness.

Mouthfeel

Medium-light body from use of adjuncts such as rice or corn. Highly carbonated with slight carbonic bite on the tongue.

Overall Impression

Refreshing and thirst quenching, although generally more filling than standard/lite versions.

Comments

Premium beers tend to have fewer adjuncts than standard/lite lagers, and can be all-malt. Strong flavors are a fault, but premium lagers have more flavor than standard/lite lagers. A broad category of international mass-market lagers ranging from up-scale American lagers to the typical "import" or "green bottle" international beers found in America.

ABV 4.7-6% SRM 2-6